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THE    CHINESE    MIND                      83

to 507 (!), and in which he succeeded in grading these "annoy-
ances," like 26 marks for "hair in food," 2 for "the sight of a
bald head" and 24 for "cockroaches."

A certain amount of stupid drudgery is of course part and
parcel of true scientific work. Only true scientific discipline
can enable a scientist to take delight in the discovery that an
earthworm has a certain protective covering, for it is on the
accumulation of such minutely observed facts that science
grew from generation to generation to its present magnificent
attainments. Without that scientific outlook, and with a large
share of humour and common sense, the Chinese must neces-
sarily consider the study and observation of the life of an earth-
worm or of a gold-fish as beneath the dignity of a scholar.

IV. LOGIC

This brings us to the problem of Chinese logic, which is based
on the Chinese conception of truth. Truth, according to Chinese,
can never be proved: it can only be suggested. Chuangtse long
ago pointed out the subjectivity of knowledge in his CKiwulun:

In an argument between you and me, you think you have
got the better of me, and I will not admit your superiority.
Then are you really right, and I really wrong? I think I
have got the better of you and you will not admit my
superiority—then am I really right and you really wrong? Or
perhaps are we both right, or perhaps are we both wrong?
This you and I cannot know. Thus we are encircled in
darkness, and who is going to establish the truth? If we let a
man who agrees with you establish it, then he already agrees
with you, so how could he establish it? If we let one who
agrees with me establish the truth, then he already agrees
with me, so how could he establish it? If we let one who
disagrees with both of us establish the truth, then he already
disagrees with both of us, so how could he establish it? If
we let one who agrees with both of us establish the truth,
then he already agrees with both of us, so how could he
establish it? Thus you and I and other people cannot know
the truth, and how can we wait for the other one?